Date: December 31, 1997 To: All Snell Certified Manufacturers From: Edward B. Becker,Executive Director
This is eighteenth the of the Foundation's quarterly newsletters to the helmet manufacturing industry. The seventeenth was sent out last September. Comments and items for inclusion in subsequent issues are invited.
A manufacturers meeting is tentatively scheduled for Friday, February 20, 1998, in Indianapolis, the day before the opening of the Powersports Expo. One of the expected topics of discussion is the recent report from Thom et al. at USC investigating changes and improvements for Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 218, the DOT motorcycle helmet standard.
The precise time and place of the meeting have yet to be determined. If you are interested in attending, please contact the California office. Additional topics for discussion will be welcomed.
HPE Offers Certification Testing Alternative
The Snell Memorial Foundation will accept the results of helmet testing performed at Head Protection Evaluations (HPE), a private, for-profit helmet testing company in England. Manufacturers seeking Snell Certification may submit products directly to HPE for testing according to the Foundation's Standards and procedures. On completion of testing, HPE will forward results directly to the Foundation's offices in California. HPE test results will be considered with equal weight to results obtained in the Foundation's own test laboratories.
The Foundation's directors have adopted this policy for the ease and convenience of European helmet manufacturers. However, the most important factor in the decision is the Foundation's confidence in the expertise and capabilities of HPE.
HPE is operated by Brian and Paul Walker who, together managed the Snell UK laboratory from the late 1980's until last May 1997. The location is at the former Snell UK address. The test equipment has been leased from the Foundation and the Foundation has committed to work with HPE to assure that complete compatibility of equipment and test procedures is maintained.
Thus, even though this policy represents a departure from recent practice in some respects, in reality, it is a continuation of the association the Foundation has enjoyed with both Mr. Walkers and of the Foundation's confidence in their expertise and integrity.
Even so, HPE is an independent organization. HPE sets it own rates for testing services and will bill and collect for those services itself. If, on the basis of HPE testing, the Foundation determines that a helmet qualifies, Snell Certification will be issued directly and at no additional charge.
HPE may be reached at:
HPE Group Unit 4 Farnham Business Centre Dogflud Way Farnham, Surrey GU9 7UP England Phone (44) 01252 714920 FAX (44) 01252 737137
We wish Brian, Paul and HPE all good fortune. I hope that they will continue to be able to provide advice and guidance to me and my colleagues in the US, and technical testing services to the European community and beyond.
Bicycle Helmet Program Restructure
The Foundation will restructure the B-90, B-95 and N-94 programs. The aim of the restructuring is to improve the efficiency of the programs and so lower the fees without compromising the significance or the value of Snell Certification. It is hoped that lower unit costs for Snell Certification will increase the accessibility of protective headgear meeting the Foundation's high standards for protective performance.
A secondary aspect of the restructuring will be to establish the compliance of all products certified to B-90, B-95 and N-94 with the requirements of the standard for bicycle helmets currently being drafted by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). The CPSC standard is expected to be released sometime in February and may take effect as early as Spring of 1999. Once the CPSC Standard takes effect, all bicycle helmets offered for sale in the United States will be required to meet it.
Based on my review of previous drafts of the CPSC standard, I anticipate no serious problem for any helmet currently certified to Snell B-90, B-95 or N-94. However there are procedural differences with B-95 and N-94 that may cause confusion. Furthermore, CPSC drafts have included requirements that, while present in B-95 and N-94, were not considered in 1990 when the B-90 Standard was drafted. When the CPSC Standard is released, the Foundation will modify and augment the Snell Standards and procedures as necessary in order to provide a conclusive demonstration that each B-90, B-95 and N-94 Snell Certified helmet model meets all the requirements of the CPSC Bicycle helmet standard.
Although the restructuring has not yet been finalized, a tentative proposal has been circulated to many manufacturers for comment. Manufacturers and others interested in the proposal may contact Ed Becker or Steve Johnson directly at the Foundation's California offices.
Over the last year, the study of bicycle injury performed by the Harborview Medical Center Injury Prevention and Research Center has culminated in several papers published in scientific and medical journals:
Thompson DC, Rivara FP, Thompson RS. Effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets in preventing head injury: A case control study. JAMA 1996; 276:24:1968-73.
Thompson DC, Nunn ME, Thompson RS, Rivara FP. Effectiveness of bicycle helmets in preventing serious facial injury. JAMA 1996; 276:24:1974-75.
Thompson DC, Rebolledo V, Thompson RS, Kaufman A, Rivara FP. Bike speed measurements in a recreational population: Validity of self reported speed. Injury Prevention 1997; 3:43-45.
Thompson DC, Thompson RS, Kaufman A, Rivara FP. Increasing bicycle helmet effectiveness: The importance of proper fit and wearing position. HMO Practice 1997; 11(1):25-26.
Rivara FP, Thompson DC, Thompson RS, Rebolledo V. The epidemiology of bicycle injuries and risk factors for serious injury. Injury Prevention 1997; 3:110-114.
Rivara FP, Thompson DC, Thompson RS, Rebolledo V. Injuries involving off road cycling. Journal of Family Practice 1997; 44(5) 481-485.
Ching RP, Thompson DC, Thompson RS, Thomas DJ, Chilcott WC,
Rivara FP. Damage to bicycle helmets involved with
crashes. Accident Analysis & Prevention (in press
The Foundation published an overview in September, 1996, which provides
a clear, concise summary of the study and its important findings.
Circumstances and Severity of Bicycle Injuries by Rivara FP, Thompson DC and Thompson RS has been posted on Snell internet web site.
Snell Web Site
The Snell Foundation World Wide Web Site, http://www.smf.org, now
includes more than thirty pages of helmet and head protection
information. There are descriptions of the Foundation and its
certification programs, lists of certified products, links to ftp
downloads of Snell Standards and drafts and links to other web sites of
Dr. Frank Lin maintains the site and makes bi-weekly additions and
updates to the materials. Frank has received many compliments for his
clear, entertaining and user-friendly presentation of this useful
information. In the last six months, Sympatico, one of Canada's largest
internet providers, gave the Snell pages a Four Star rating in a survey
of health related web sites.
One of the primary purposes of the site is to acquaint the public with
the importance of selecting and wearing the most effective protective
headgear. Once the Foundation tests and certifies a helmet, we want
people to wear it. If you manufacture or sell Snell certified helmets
and you maintain an internet web site, please contact Dr. Lin to see
abo�ut establishing a link.
Frank welcomes comments and suggestions regarding any aspect of the web site.
ISO Guide 25 Accreditation for Snell, CA
As of June 2, 1997, the Snell Memorial Foundation's California
laboratory has been awarded American Associatn for Laboratory
Accreditation (A2LA) approval for helmet testing. A2LA is an
internationally recognized authority administering quality laboratory
accreditation programs to ISO/IEC Guide 25 "General Requirements for the
Competence of Calibration and Testing Laboratories." The scope of the
A2LA accreditation includes all of the tests covered in the Foundation's
bicycle, motorcycle, auto racing, non-motorized sports and harness
racing helmet standards. The accreditation confirms that the
Foundation's California laboratory has the capability to perform Snell
testing and has the quality control necessary to assure the accuracy and
validity of Snell test results.
The Foundation sought this accreditation as part of its continuing commitment to quality. Since its beginning in 1957, the Foundation has urged manufacturers to design and build quality protective helmets and has urged the public to seek out and wear them. As a recognized authority in helmet safety, it is proper that the Foundation submit itself to another recognized authority to demonstrate the quality of its own testing programs and procedures.
The Foundation looks forward to continuing in the A2LA program in order
to increase the recognition and value of Snell Certification Programs
for both helmet manufacturers and the helmet wearing public.
Snell Safety Education Center (SSEC)
As of December, 1996, the Snell Safety Education Center, a California
non-profit corporation, has taken up the Snell Memorial Foundation's
effort to promote the widespread use of protective headgear. The Center
is dedicated to all the ideals of the Foundation: to engage in
scientific, educational and charitable activities; to research and
develop safety equipment for the prevention of injuries; and to develop
and provide information, materials and services to encourage the use of
safety equipment. However, the Center is a distinct and autonomous
organization. Since there is no connection to the Foundation's testing
and certification programs, the Center will be able to work more
directly with consumer groups, helmet manufacturers and other charitable
Ms. Hong Zhang, who organized and directed the Foundation's current
helmet education programs, will continue these efforts as president of
the Snell Safety Education Center. As with the Foundation, Ms. Zhang
expects to work closely with state and community groups dedicated to
public safety. Working through the Center, Ms. Zhang hopes to improve
and expand the support provided to these vital state and community
S-98 and L-98 Standards
The 1998 Standard for Protective Headgear Used in Skiing and Other
Winter Activities (S-98) and the 1998 Standard for Protective Headgear
for Use with Low Powered Vehicles, Mopeds and Motorized Bicycles
(L-98)are now in their final form. Copies of these two new Standards as
well as the Foundation's draft equestrian helmet standard are available
from the Foundation's North Highlands Office.
Manufacturers are invited to submit samples for evaluation with respect to S-98, L-98 or the equestrian draft standard. Please contact the North Highlands office for further information.
Helmet Testing: Gib Brown Gib@smf.org Certification Labels: Ms. Bonnie Adams Bonnie@smf.org Public Education: Ms. Hong Zhang Hong@smf.org Administrative: Steve Johnson email@example.com Internet Web Site: Frank Lin firstname.lastname@example.org All Other: Ed Becker Ed@smf.orgPhone: (916) 331-5073; Fax: (916) 331-0359; E-Mail: email@example.com